Preparation for Reading: The purpose of architecture is to serve people and make daily life more manageable. The Internet of Things in buildings is at the heart of various systems that connect, monitor, and regulate data. Solutions can be provided in many areas of design and practice.
※ What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?
The Internet of Things (IoT) is about turning physical objects into intelligent objects. Connect sensor-based objects to a shared infrastructure. This infrastructure can be an extranet, the Internet, or a network that exchanges data without the need for a human or computer. Interaction. These devices can be controlled by issuing commands from a PC or smartphone. Today we can connect almost anything to the Internet to make our lives easier in new ways.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is growing rapidly. Its new capabilities open the door to entirely new product categories such as smart automated buildings, smart cars, data-driven design, construction, and more. According to Global Data, the global IoT market will reach $1.1 trillion by 2024.
※ Internet of Things in Architecture and Design
The purpose of architecture is to serve people and make daily life more manageable. The Internet of Things in buildings is at the heart of various systems that connect, monitor, and regulate data. Solutions can be provided in many areas of design and practice.
① Data-assisted installation
First, data-driven design refers to a system that receives data to generate a response. This data-driven design capability opens tremendous possibilities for real-time interaction between users and their environment. This concept includes public institutions that provide models for explaining the environment. Some data-driven structures were built to allow for public interventions, analyzing Twitter’s emotional language in real-time and projecting it onto the installation via a color screen. Or another structure connects via the Internet and responds to a combination of visitor presence and environmental factors through waves of light-emitting fibers.
② Big data
Big data refers to massive amounts of data that traditional data management solutions cannot handle. You need real-time access to the vast databases created by the Internet of Things to make better use of the technology. Architects use big data in the process and design of the end product. An example of using Big Data in architecture, where mobile phone data impacts monthly consumer spending, interior walls and their rotation patterns were created by Synthesis Design+Architecture in collaboration with IBM Watson Analytics.
③ Intelligent building
By becoming “intelligent,” buildings move from passive assets to active environments. Smart buildings are the most promising area of application for the Internet of Things. The concept integrates buildings with environmental sensors to measure temperature, airflow, humidity, and carbon dioxide. , occupancy, and occupancy density.
Indeed, smart buildings offer a high level of control over their environment and function. Create efficient, high-volume collaboration workspaces where intelligent systems centralize data from multiple devices onto a single device. Smart buildings enable people to interact, learn and adapt by connecting them to technology and the environment. These buildings are not limited to devices within the outer walls that provide additional visibility and operational data.
Smart buildings also support energy efficiency and environmental goals. By allowing operators to reduce electricity loads, buildings can be turned into virtual generators. With these renewable energy sources, smart buildings can now reduce their carbon footprint. Surplus to deficit nodes or store excess energy for later use. In any case, renewable energies can be used.
As an example of intelligent architecture, the Salesforce Tower in San Francisco has sustainability as a key design feature. Pelli Clarke&Partners designed the building and the services offered allow tenants’ employees to work anywhere in the building. They contribute to the performance, function, and environmental sustainability of buildings by integrating an integrated approach to building management and metering systems. This enables the building operator to collect data and make informed decisions.
Another major project dedicated to innovative intelligent design is Apple Park in Cupertino, California. Built by Foster+Partners, it is one of the most energy-efficient buildings in the world. The building was designed with great respect for the environment, drawing energy from the sun and bringing exciting views and fresh air to the park through its glass facade. The temperature inside the building is controlled by high-tech ventilation, kept cool by ducts installed in the ceiling and floor.
As a result, smart buildings will become an important part of the future where information technology and human creativity work together.
④ Smart home
A home is considered intelligent when all of its technological components are integrated into a unified intelligent system. The smart home is a concept that manages and simplifies the use of all technical devices to create comfort, security, and happiness in one’s home. A smart home contains a single automated system that connects all devices like smartphones, tablets, laptops, door locks, cameras, lights, TVs, thermostats, home monitors, and even home appliances like refrigerators as part of the city’s internet technology. things.
One of the main advantages of smart homes is the convenience for older people to live alone. It reminds them to take medication, record their habits, and communicate with the hospital in the event of an accident. Additionally, the Internet of Things plays a key role in maximizing home security, remote control of home functions, and insight into property management, making it a necessity rather than an installation. What is unique is that the above technology can connect motion detectors, surveillance cameras, automatic door locks, and other concrete security measures to the home, so you can follow what is happening in real-time even when you are not at home, or you can choose to receive notifications Security on multiple devices at different times hours a day or remote home functions.
⑤ Smart car
Intelligent cars are cars that can be programmed to control speed and direction and can rely on a human driver to take control in unusual situations, e.g. when bad weather disturbs the sensors of the car. According to the US Department of Transportation, smart cars can eliminate, or at least reduce, traffic fatalities because their crash-avoidance capabilities meet safety standards.
Smart car ambitions are directly fueled by the Internet of Things (IoT). The Internet of Things will not only add more sensors, processors, and software to make the car an all-around vehicle for digital transformation but will also allow automakers to enter a new realm where companies that used to be manufacturers were to evolve into a more service-oriented model.
Currently, designers are looking for smart and eco-friendly cars with low maintenance costs. For example, the development of the Smart Forease+ goes beyond the prototype and inherits a fundamental and coherent solution for urban mobility. The main feature of its design is the long flat fabric roof, built with great care and attention to detail. With many additional elements, such as the matt carbon-coated exterior, the contrasting yellow roof, and the absence of side windows, the designers emphasize the styling of the car. intense emotions and a unique driving experience.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a powerful technology capable of transforming industries, automating processes, and improving ROI. IoT technology has a lot to offer to the construction industry, which is always ready to change due to challenges. The Internet of Things in the construction industry helps save time and reduce costs to complete projects efficiently.
Therefore, the Internet of Things automates human attrition tasks. It plays a role in various fields of construction, mainly for project progress tracking, For example, tracking the delivery of materials at the construction site or tracking the movement of workers using wearable technology. to ensure efficient work. Another approach is to use digital twinning to test the efficiency of the design before actual construction begins. As a result, IoT-based automation improves the accuracy of project delivery assessment. It deals with the current challenges in the construction industry. Examples include skill and labor shortages, delivering projects on budget and on time, assessing team productivity and project profitability, safety issues, and waste management.
⑦ Natural disaster detection
We can use the Internet of Things harder to respond to natural disasters, allowing the system to measure any anomalies by evaluating sensor data. “ The aspect of operation and identifying data points where the signal deviates from the average. In addition, this method can be used to establish early warning and detection systems in buildings. For example, collisions in buildings can be detected earlier, alerting residents to distress signals sent by sensors to detect gaps or curves in buildings.
※ Words in the End
Last but not least, the Internet of Things is at the heart of any system that connects, monitors, and controls data. Therefore, it can help solve various design and practical problems. In addition, the Internet of Things has become an integral part of areas beyond design. The increasing adoption of digital technologies and the collection, sharing, and analysis of vast amounts of data by companies has greatly improved our daily lives and opened up greater possibilities for the future.